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Any way to retrieve the constraints of a Hive table

Any way to retrieve the constraints of a Hive table

Expert Contributor

Kerberized HDP-2.6.3.0.

The table has 'Id' as it's primary key and 'DepartmentId' as the foreign key:

+---------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------+--+
|                        col_name                         |                                data_type                                |           comment           |
+---------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------+--+
| # col_name                                              | data_type                                                               | comment                     |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| id                                                      | int                                                                     | Surrogate PK is not fun     |
| firstname                                               | string                                                                  |                             |
| lastname                                                | string                                                                  |                             |
| dob                                                     | date                                                                    |                             |
| departmentid                                            | int                                                                     |                             |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| # Detailed Table Information                            | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| Database:                                               | group_hadoopdeveloper                                                   | NULL                        |
| Owner:                                                  | ojoqcu                                                                  | NULL                        |
| CreateTime:                                             | Fri Nov 24 13:39:02 UTC 2017                                            | NULL                        |
| LastAccessTime:                                         | UNKNOWN                                                                 | NULL                        |
| Retention:                                              | 0                                                                       | NULL                        |
| Location:                                               | hdfs://devhadoop/apps/hive/warehouse/group_hadoopdeveloper.db/employee  | NULL                        |
| Table Type:                                             | MANAGED_TABLE                                                           | NULL                        |
| Table Parameters:                                       | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
|                                                         | COLUMN_STATS_ACCURATE                                                   | {\"BASIC_STATS\":\"true\"}  |
|                                                         | numFiles                                                                | 0                           |
|                                                         | numRows                                                                 | 0                           |
|                                                         | rawDataSize                                                             | 0                           |
|                                                         | totalSize                                                               | 0                           |
|                                                         | transient_lastDdlTime                                                   | 1511530742                  |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| # Storage Information                                   | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| SerDe Library:                                          | org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.orc.OrcSerde                               | NULL                        |
| InputFormat:                                            | org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.orc.OrcInputFormat                         | NULL                        |
| OutputFormat:                                           | org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.io.orc.OrcOutputFormat                        | NULL                        |
| Compressed:                                             | No                                                                      | NULL                        |
| Num Buckets:                                            | -1                                                                      | NULL                        |
| Bucket Columns:                                         | []                                                                      | NULL                        |
| Sort Columns:                                           | []                                                                      | NULL                        |
| Storage Desc Params:                                    | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
|                                                         | serialization.format                                                    | 1                           |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| # Constraints                                           | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| # Primary Key                                           | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| Table:                                                  | group_hadoopdeveloper.employee                                          | NULL                        |
| Constraint Name:                                        | pk_203923149_1511530742932_0                                            | NULL                        |
| Column Names:                                           | id                                                                      |                             |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| # Foreign Keys                                          | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
| Table:                                                  | group_hadoopdeveloper.employee                                          | NULL                        |
| Constraint Name:                                        | fk_employee_department                                                  | NULL                        |
| Parent Column Name:group_hadoopdeveloper.department.id  | Column Name:departmentid                                                | Key Sequence:1              |
|                                                         | NULL                                                                    | NULL                        |
+---------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------+--+

I tried the following ways to retrieve the constraints:

{"columns":[{"name":"id","type":"int","comment":"Surrogate PK is not fun"},{"name":"firstname","type":"string"},{"name":"lastname","type":"string"},{"name":"dob","type":"date"},{"name":"departmentid","type":"int"}],"database":"group_hadoopdeveloper","table":"employee"}

I have the following questions:

  1. Where /how are these constraints stored in the Hive metastore
  2. Is there any way to retrieve(NOT from the beeline but those need to be available to external programs) these constraints
1 REPLY 1

Re: Any way to retrieve the constraints of a Hive table

New Contributor

Yes. It is possible to retrieve constraints of a Hive table. You need to query the database where Hive stores it's metastore...We are using MySQL database as Hive metastore and below is the query:

SELECT d.NAME as SCHEMA_NAME,t.TBL_NAME as TABLE_NAME, kc.CONSTRAINT_NAME, kc.CONSTRAINT_TYPE, c.COLUMN_NAME, c.TYPE_NAME, '' as REFERENCE_SCHEMA_NAME, '' as REFERENCE_TABLE_NAME, '' as REFERENCE_COL_NAME

FROM DBS d, TBLS t, SDS s, COLUMNS_V2 c, CDS cds, KEY_CONSTRAINTS kc

WHERE d.DB_ID =t.DB_ID AND t.SD_ID = s.SD_ID AND s.cd_id = c.cd_id AND cds.CD_ID = c.CD_ID AND kc.PARENT_TBL_ID = t.TBL_ID AND kc.PARENT_CD_ID=c.CD_ID AND c.INTEGER_IDX=kc.PARENT_INTEGER_IDX AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE='0' AND t.tbl_name='pk' AND d.NAME='vsatyp_schema'

UNION ALL

SELECT d.NAME as SCHEMA_NAME,t.TBL_NAME as TABLE_NAME, kc.CONSTRAINT_NAME, kc.CONSTRAINT_TYPE, c.COLUMN_NAME, c.TYPE_NAME, p_d.NAME as REFERENCE_SCHEMA_NAME, p_t.TBL_NAME as REFERENCE_TABLE_NAME, p_c.COLUMN_NAME as REFERENCE_COL_NAME

FROM hive_metastore.DBS d, hive_metastore.TBLS t, hive_metastore.SDS s, hive_metastore.COLUMNS_V2 c, hive_metastore.CDS cds, hive_metastore.KEY_CONSTRAINTS kc, hive_metastore.DBS p_d, hive_metastore.TBLS p_t, hive_metastore.SDS p_s, hive_metastore.COLUMNS_V2 p_c, hive_metastore.CDS p_cds

WHERE d.DB_ID =t.DB_ID AND t.SD_ID = s.SD_ID AND s.cd_id = c.cd_id AND cds.CD_ID = c.CD_ID AND kc.CHILD_TBL_ID = t.TBL_ID AND kc.CHILD_CD_ID=c.CD_ID AND c.INTEGER_IDX=kc.CHILD_INTEGER_IDX AND p_d.DB_ID =p_t.DB_ID AND p_t.SD_ID = p_s.SD_ID AND p_s.cd_id = p_c.cd_id AND p_cds.CD_ID = p_c.CD_ID AND kc.PARENT_TBL_ID = p_t.TBL_ID AND kc.PARENT_CD_ID=p_c.CD_ID AND p_c.INTEGER_IDX=kc.PARENT_INTEGER_IDX AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE='1' AND d.NAME in ('vsatyp_schema') and t.tbl_name = 'fk' order by SCHEMA_NAME, TABLE_NAME, CONSTRAINT_TYPE

Hope this helps...

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