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No change in overall performance when used gzip.

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No change in overall performance when used gzip.

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Hello,

 

I need to improve speed for my select query currently I am testing how best I can get from Impala with given hardware.

 

I have created a parquet table with partitions and block size = 512mb.

Here is some more details -

 

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > show table stats tbl_parq_512m;
Query: show table stats tbl_parq_512m
+-----------+----------------+------+------------+-----------+--------+----------+--------------+-------------------+---------+-------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| source_ip | destination_ip | year | event_date | #Rows     | #Files | Size     | Bytes Cached | Cache Replication | Format  | Incremental stats | Location                                                                                                                                       |
+-----------+----------------+------+------------+-----------+--------+----------+--------------+-------------------+---------+-------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| 10.0.0.1  | 20.0.0.1       | 1990 | 1/1/1990   | 4999950   | 1      | 337.76MB | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=10.0.0.1/destination_ip=20.0.0.1/year=1990/event_date=1%2F1%2F1990 |
| 30.0.0.1  | 40.0.0.1       | 1993 | 1/1/1993   | 19999800  | 3      | 1.32GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=30.0.0.1/destination_ip=40.0.0.1/year=1993/event_date=1%2F1%2F1993 |
| 41.0.0.1  | 45.0.0.1       | 1994 | 1/1/1994   | 19999800  | 3      | 1.32GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=41.0.0.1/destination_ip=45.0.0.1/year=1994/event_date=1%2F1%2F1994 |
| 46.0.0.1  | 50.0.0.1       | 1995 | 1/1/1995   | 48999020  | 7      | 3.23GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=46.0.0.1/destination_ip=50.0.0.1/year=1995/event_date=1%2F1%2F1995 |
| 51.0.0.1  | 55.0.0.1       | 1996 | 1/1/1996   | 49999000  | 7      | 3.30GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=51.0.0.1/destination_ip=55.0.0.1/year=1996/event_date=1%2F1%2F1996 |
| 56.0.0.1  | 60.0.0.1       | 1997 | 1/1/1997   | 49999000  | 7      | 3.30GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=56.0.0.1/destination_ip=60.0.0.1/year=1997/event_date=1%2F1%2F1997 |
| 61.0.0.1  | 70.0.0.1       | 1998 | 1/1/1998   | 99998000  | 14     | 6.59GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=61.0.0.1/destination_ip=70.0.0.1/year=1998/event_date=1%2F1%2F1998 |
| 71.0.0.1  | 75.0.0.1       | 1999 | 1/1/1999   | 49999000  | 7      | 3.30GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=71.0.0.1/destination_ip=75.0.0.1/year=1999/event_date=1%2F1%2F1999 |
| 80.0.0.1  | 85.0.0.1       | 2000 | 1/1/2000   | 49999000  | 7      | 3.30GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=80.0.0.1/destination_ip=85.0.0.1/year=2000/event_date=1%2F1%2F2000 |
| 86.0.0.1  | 90.0.0.1       | 2001 | 1/1/2001   | 49999000  | 7      | 3.30GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=86.0.0.1/destination_ip=90.0.0.1/year=2001/event_date=1%2F1%2F2001 |
| 91.0.0.1  | 95.0.0.1       | 2002 | 1/1/2002   | 82998340  | 11     | 5.47GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_parq_512m/source_ip=91.0.0.1/destination_ip=95.0.0.1/year=2002/event_date=1%2F1%2F2002 |
| Total     |                |      |            | 526989910 | 74     | 34.74GB  | 0B           |                   |         |                   |                                                                                                                                                |
+-----------+----------------+------+------------+-----------+--------+----------+--------------+-------------------+---------+-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------

 

When I run the below query , it takes 28 seconds to complete -

 

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > select source_ip,destination_ip,avg(volume),sum(duration) as avl from tbl_parq_512m group by source_ip,destination_ip order by avl limit 10;
Query: select source_ip,destination_ip,avg(volume),sum(duration) as avl from tbl_parq_512m group by source_ip,destination_ip order by avl limit 10
Query submitted at: 2019-07-08 18:32:31 (Coordinator: http://quickstart.cloudera:25000)
Query progress can be monitored at: http://quickstart.cloudera:25000/query_plan?query_id=88422271f161227b:fe860ef500000000
+-----------+----------------+-------------------+-----------+
| source_ip | destination_ip | avg(volume)       | avl       |
+-----------+----------------+-------------------+-----------+
| 10.0.0.1  | 20.0.0.1       | 4.499997599976    | 22500415  |
| 30.0.0.1  | 40.0.0.1       | 4.499744347443475 | 90003989  |
| 41.0.0.1  | 45.0.0.1       | 4.498248032480324 | 90023641  |
| 46.0.0.1  | 50.0.0.1       | 4.499559623845538 | 220487564 |
| 86.0.0.1  | 90.0.0.1       | 4.500191183823676 | 224966377 |
| 71.0.0.1  | 75.0.0.1       | 4.500268505370108 | 224977244 |
| 80.0.0.1  | 85.0.0.1       | 4.499946078921578 | 225002743 |
| 56.0.0.1  | 60.0.0.1       | 4.500426968539371 | 225003328 |
| 51.0.0.1  | 55.0.0.1       | 4.500039240784815 | 225013849 |
| 91.0.0.1  | 95.0.0.1       | 4.499926612990091 | 373535589 |
+-----------+----------------+-------------------+-----------+
Fetched 10 row(s) in 27.17s

I am trying to speed up the query so I tried going with gzip compression.

 

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > show table stats tbl_gzip_512m;
Query: show table stats tbl_gzip_512m
+-----------+----------------+------+------------+-----------+--------+----------+--------------+-------------------+---------+-------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| source_ip | destination_ip | year | event_date | #Rows     | #Files | Size     | Bytes Cached | Cache Replication | Format  | Incremental stats | Location                                                                                                                                       |
+-----------+----------------+------+------------+-----------+--------+----------+--------------+-------------------+---------+-------------------+------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| 10.0.0.1  | 20.0.0.1       | 1990 | 1/1/1990   | 5000950   | 1      | 231.85MB | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=10.0.0.1/destination_ip=20.0.0.1/year=1990/event_date=1%2F1%2F1990 |
| 30.0.0.1  | 40.0.0.1       | 1993 | 1/1/1993   | 19999800  | 2      | 925.94MB | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=30.0.0.1/destination_ip=40.0.0.1/year=1993/event_date=1%2F1%2F1993 |
| 41.0.0.1  | 45.0.0.1       | 1994 | 1/1/1994   | 19999800  | 2      | 925.94MB | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=41.0.0.1/destination_ip=45.0.0.1/year=1994/event_date=1%2F1%2F1994 |
| 46.0.0.1  | 50.0.0.1       | 1995 | 1/1/1995   | 48999020  | 5      | 2.22GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=46.0.0.1/destination_ip=50.0.0.1/year=1995/event_date=1%2F1%2F1995 |
| 51.0.0.1  | 55.0.0.1       | 1996 | 1/1/1996   | 49999000  | 5      | 2.26GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=51.0.0.1/destination_ip=55.0.0.1/year=1996/event_date=1%2F1%2F1996 |
| 56.0.0.1  | 60.0.0.1       | 1997 | 1/1/1997   | 49999000  | 5      | 2.26GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=56.0.0.1/destination_ip=60.0.0.1/year=1997/event_date=1%2F1%2F1997 |
| 61.0.0.1  | 70.0.0.1       | 1998 | 1/1/1998   | 99998000  | 19     | 4.53GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=61.0.0.1/destination_ip=70.0.0.1/year=1998/event_date=1%2F1%2F1998 |
| 71.0.0.1  | 75.0.0.1       | 1999 | 1/1/1999   | 49999000  | 5      | 2.26GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=71.0.0.1/destination_ip=75.0.0.1/year=1999/event_date=1%2F1%2F1999 |
| 80.0.0.1  | 85.0.0.1       | 2000 | 1/1/2000   | 49999000  | 10     | 2.26GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=80.0.0.1/destination_ip=85.0.0.1/year=2000/event_date=1%2F1%2F2000 |
| 86.0.0.1  | 90.0.0.1       | 2001 | 1/1/2001   | 49999000  | 10     | 2.26GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=86.0.0.1/destination_ip=90.0.0.1/year=2001/event_date=1%2F1%2F2001 |
| 91.0.0.1  | 95.0.0.1       | 2002 | 1/1/2002   | 82998340  | 16     | 3.76GB   | NOT CACHED   | NOT CACHED        | PARQUET | false             | hdfs://quickstart.cloudera:8020/user/hive/warehouse/tbl_gzip_512m/source_ip=91.0.0.1/destination_ip=95.0.0.1/year=2002/event_date=1%2F1%2F2002 |
| Total     |                |      |            | 526990910 | 80     | 23.84GB  | 0B           |                   |         |                   |                                                                                                                                                |
+-----------+----------------+------+------------+-----------+--------+----------+--------------+-------------------+---------+-------------------+---------------------------------------------------------

Size has dropped by 30% , it has reduced from 34gb to 24 gb.

 

I was expecting similar behaviour with query performance as well hoping it will reduce some more time.

 

Below is my query query-

 

[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > select source_ip,destination_ip,avg(volume),sum(duration) as avl from tbl_gzip_512m group by source_ip,destination_ip order by avl limit 10;
Query: select source_ip,destination_ip,avg(volume),sum(duration) as avl from tbl_gzip_512m group by source_ip,destination_ip order by avl limit 10
Query submitted at: 2019-07-08 18:39:09 (Coordinator: http://quickstart.cloudera:25000)
Query progress can be monitored at: http://quickstart.cloudera:25000/query_plan?query_id=8d4bdddc207517ff:952aea9d00000000
+-----------+----------------+-------------------+-----------+
| source_ip | destination_ip | avg(volume)       | avl       |
+-----------+----------------+-------------------+-----------+
| 10.0.0.1  | 20.0.0.1       | 4.50001219768244  | 22504983  |
| 30.0.0.1  | 40.0.0.1       | 4.499744347443475 | 90003989  |
| 41.0.0.1  | 45.0.0.1       | 4.498248032480324 | 90023641  |
| 46.0.0.1  | 50.0.0.1       | 4.499559623845538 | 220487564 |
| 86.0.0.1  | 90.0.0.1       | 4.500191183823676 | 224966377 |
| 71.0.0.1  | 75.0.0.1       | 4.500268505370108 | 224977244 |
| 80.0.0.1  | 85.0.0.1       | 4.499946078921578 | 225002743 |
| 56.0.0.1  | 60.0.0.1       | 4.500426968539371 | 225003328 |
| 51.0.0.1  | 55.0.0.1       | 4.500039240784815 | 225013849 |
| 91.0.0.1  | 95.0.0.1       | 4.499926612990091 | 373535589 |
+-----------+----------------+-------------------+-----------+
Fetched 10 row(s) in 27.67s

As you can see there isn't any improvement moreover it looks little slow despite decrease in data by 1/3rd.

 

So am I doing something wrong here when using gzip ?

 

Thanks

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions

Re: No change in overall performance when used gzip.

Guru
Hi,

The purpose of compression is to save space, not speed up query time. Compression actually adds overhead to decompress the data before data can be read, so I would expect the query against compressed data will be slightly slower than uncompressed. So what you see is totally normal to me.

Cheers
Eric
1 REPLY 1

Re: No change in overall performance when used gzip.

Guru
Hi,

The purpose of compression is to save space, not speed up query time. Compression actually adds overhead to decompress the data before data can be read, so I would expect the query against compressed data will be slightly slower than uncompressed. So what you see is totally normal to me.

Cheers
Eric