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namenode down?

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namenode down?

New Contributor

Hi All, If user connected Namenode through Gatewaynode, suddenly namenode goesdown, after few seconds standbynode became active node.

After that standby namenode became active namenode,he can able to access without getting downtime

after connecting to namenode which ip address he can able to see?

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Accepted Solutions

Re: namenode down?

Mentor

@Lokesh Mukku

In a Namenode HA there is no notion of IP address but Nameservice ID (geeklab)as illustrated in the screenshot. In the background, geeklab will be doing something like load balancing between (nn01,nn02) whichever is the Active at a particular time, for example, if nn01 is the active NN and all over a sudden it encounters an issue and goes down, the ZKFailoverController will detect that failure through the heartbeat misses and transparently failover to nn02. The Nameservice ID is used to avoid hard-coding the IP's in case you change the host during an upgrade or system failure.

I gave you the example of DNS to explain it further..www.teamworks.com is a DNS entry used to resolve hostnames to a specific IP of the teamworks.com web server to machine-readable IP addresses (e.g. 192.168.106.81) behind the scenes www.teamworks.com to guard against any failure could have a couple of web servers (HA setup ) say 3 web servers serving content for www.teamworks.com with a load balancer (see screenshot LB.png) which act like the Nameservice ID in case a namenode/web server goes down the cluster/website will still be available as Nameservice ID will automatically failover point to the active name node controlled by ZKFailoverController .

HTH


lb.png
namenode-ha.png
5 REPLIES 5

Re: namenode down?

Mentor

@Lokesh Mukku

The sequence of events you described is correct. The failover should be transparently handled by the ZKFailoverController .

HA clusters use the nameservice ID (dfs.nameservices in hdfs-site.xml) to identify a single HDFS instance that may consist of multiple HA NameNodes. The nameservice ID acts like a DNS for further reading see this HW document

HTH

Re: namenode down?

New Contributor

Thanks for your ans... Still confusing ?

Re: namenode down?

Mentor

@Lokesh Mukku

In a Namenode HA there is no notion of IP address but Nameservice ID (geeklab)as illustrated in the screenshot. In the background, geeklab will be doing something like load balancing between (nn01,nn02) whichever is the Active at a particular time, for example, if nn01 is the active NN and all over a sudden it encounters an issue and goes down, the ZKFailoverController will detect that failure through the heartbeat misses and transparently failover to nn02. The Nameservice ID is used to avoid hard-coding the IP's in case you change the host during an upgrade or system failure.

I gave you the example of DNS to explain it further..www.teamworks.com is a DNS entry used to resolve hostnames to a specific IP of the teamworks.com web server to machine-readable IP addresses (e.g. 192.168.106.81) behind the scenes www.teamworks.com to guard against any failure could have a couple of web servers (HA setup ) say 3 web servers serving content for www.teamworks.com with a load balancer (see screenshot LB.png) which act like the Nameservice ID in case a namenode/web server goes down the cluster/website will still be available as Nameservice ID will automatically failover point to the active name node controlled by ZKFailoverController .

HTH


lb.png
namenode-ha.png

Re: namenode down?

New Contributor

Thanks for nice explanation, Now i got clear idea on NameNode High Availability

Re: namenode down?

Mentor

@Lokesh Mukku

Good to know it has given you a better understanding. If you found this answer addressed your question, please take a moment to log in and click the "accept" link on the answer.

That would be a great help to Community users to find the solution quickly for these kinds of errors.

Happy hadooping !!!!!

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