Cloudera Data Analytics (CDA) Articles

Announcements
Celebrating as our community reaches 100,000 members! Thank you!
Labels (2)
avatar
Cloudera Employee

Summary

After the upgrade from CDH to CDP, fundamental instability was observed within the Ranger Audits UI (within the Ranger Admin Service), and Infra-Solr Roles were constantly exhibiting API liveness errors.

Total audits daily count: 136,553,808

MichaelBush_0-1686393263301.png

Sample screenshot of Infra-Solr Health check errors

MichaelBush_1-1686393263267.png

Sample screenshot of specific Infra-Solr Server Health check errors

MichaelBush_2-1686393263254.png
Investigation

Initial analysis of the number of daily audits within the Ranger service confirmed that there were as many as 1B audits per day. With only 2 Infra-Solr servers, the default configuration of a CDH to CDP upgrade needed to be tweaked to include best practices for the Infra-Solr ranger_audits collection.
Reduce Ranger Audits verbosity (see this complementary document: Ranger Audit Verbosity).
Assess Server Design. The count of Infra-Solr servers is important when deciding how the ranger_audits collection should be built. A single Solr Server is not recommended as it would not be resilient. Consider at least 2 replicas per shard for any collection to facilitate the split of the ranger_audits collection into 6 shards, with 2 replicas for each, while still maintaining the best practice guidelines within Solr.

Resolution

The following public documentation will assist with a deeper understanding of how you might choose to align with best practices given the hardware you have available and the volume of audits being recorded within the service - Calculating Infra Solr resource needs.

 

Configure the following 3 parameters within the Ranger Service (within CM) according to best practices. The example below is for a cluster of 3 Infra-Solr servers with 3 shards configured for the ranger_audits collection, with 2 replicas per shard, and limiting the number of maximum shards to 6 (which is a multiple of the 1st two parameters):

 

MichaelBush_3-1686393263238.png

Configure the TTL (Time To Live) for audits that are propagated into the Infra-Solr ranger_audits collection. This requirement should be defined by the business, for instance, 25 days, but TTL only impacts audit visibility within the Ranger UI; all audits will remain accessible within HDFS. 

MichaelBush_4-1686393263187.png

Ranger - Delete ranger_audits collection

Ensure all Solr Servers are healthy and available. Then, in order to restructure it, fully delete the ranger_audits collection and monitor the status (example below).

 

NOTE - the example date of 8Mar2022 in the below example is for auditing purposes - it’s the date that the full collection deletion occurred.

 

DELETE RANGER AUDITS COLLECTION

http://<Infra-Solr-Server>:18983/solr/admin/collections?action=DELETE&name=ranger_audits&async=del_ranger_audits8Mar2022 


REQUEST THE STATUS OF AN ASYNC CALL

http://<Infra-Solr-Server>:18983/solr/admin/collections?action=REQUESTSTATUS&requestid=del_ranger_audits8Mar2022 

 

An example of a successful delete command issued to the URL:

{

  "responseHeader":{

    "status":0,

    "QTime":9},

  "requestid":"del_ranger_audits20Apr2022"}

 

Restart Ranger Admin service.  When you perform the restart, it will recreate the ranger_audits collection based on the parameters defined earlier.

1,142 Views
0 Kudos