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Sometimes it is desired to have the logs rotated as well as compressed. We can use log4j extras in order to achieve the same. For processes like NameNode / DataNode...etc we can use the approach described in the article. https://community.hortonworks.com/articles/50058/using-log4j-extras-how-to-rotate-as-well-as-zip-th....

However when we try to use the same approach in Ambari 2.6 for ambari metrics collector log compression and rotation then it will not work and we might see some warnings / errors inside the "" something like following:

log4j:WARN Failed to set property [triggeringPolicy] to value "org.apache.log4j.rolling.SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy". 
log4j:WARN Failed to set property [rollingPolicy] to value "org.apache.log4j.rolling.FixedWindowRollingPolicy". 
log4j:WARN Please set a rolling policy for the RollingFileAppender named 'file'
log4j:ERROR No output stream or file set for the appender named [file].
(OR)
log4j:ERROR A "org.apache.log4j.rolling.SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy" object is not 
assignable to a "org.apache.log4j.rolling.RollingPolicy" variable.
log4j:ERROR The class "org.apache.log4j.rolling.RollingPolicy" was loaded by 
log4j:ERROR [sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader@2328c243] whereas object of type 
log4j:ERROR "org.apache.log4j.rolling.SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy" was loaded by [sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader@2328c243].

.

This is because we see that there is a b ug reported as https://bz.apache.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=36384. which says that in some older version of log4j these rolling policies were not configurable via log4j.properties (those were only configurable via log4j.xml) This bug added a feature in log4j to achieve "Configuring triggering/rolling policies should be supported through properties" hence you will need to make sure that you are using the log4j JAR of version "log4j-1.2.17.jar" (instead of using the "log4j-1.2.15.jar")

Hence if users wants to use the rotation and zipping feature of log4j then make sure that your AMS collector is not using old version of log4j. This article just describes a workaround hence follow this suggestion at your own risk because here we are going to change the default log4j jar shipped with AMS collector lib.

# mv /usr/lib/ambari-metrics-collector/log4j-1.2.15.jar /tmp/
# cp -f /usr/lib/ams-hbase/lib/log4j-1.2.17.jar /usr/lib/ambari-metrics-collector/

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Now also make sure to copy the "log4j-extras-1.2.17.jar" on the ambari metrics collector host which provides the various log rotation policies.

# mkdir /tmp/log4j_extras
# curl http://apache.mirrors.tds.net/logging/log4j/extras/1.2.17/apache-log4j-extras-1.2.17-bin.zip -o /tmp/log4j_extras/apache-log4j-extras-1.2.17-bin.zip
# cd /tmp/log4j_extras
# unzip apache-log4j-extras-1.2.17-bin.zip
# cp -f /tmp/log4j_extras/apache-log4j-extras-1.2.17/apache-log4j-extras-1.2.17.jar  /usr/lib/ambari-metrics-collector/

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Users need to also edit the "ams-log4j" via ambari to add the customized appender.

Ambari UI --> Ambari Metrics --> Configs --> Advanced --> "Advanced ams-log4j" --> ams-log4j template (text area)

OLD default Value (please comment out the following)

# Direct log messages to a log file
#log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
#log4j.appender.file.File=${ams.log.dir}/${ams.log.file}
#log4j.appender.file.MaxFileSize={{ams_log_max_backup_size}}MB
#log4j.appender.file.MaxBackupIndex={{ams_log_number_of_backup_files}}
#log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
#log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n

.

New Appender Config

log4j.appender.file=org.apache.log4j.rolling.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.file.rollingPolicy=org.apache.log4j.rolling.FixedWindowRollingPolicy
log4j.appender.file.rollingPolicy.maxIndex={{ams_log_number_of_backup_files}}
log4j.appender.file.rollingPolicy.ActiveFileName=${ams.log.dir}/${ams.log.file}
log4j.appender.file.rollingPolicy.FileNamePattern=${ams.log.dir}/${ams.log.file}-%i.gz
log4j.appender.file.triggeringPolicy=org.apache.log4j.rolling.SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy
log4j.appender.file.triggeringPolicy.MaxFileSize=10240000
log4j.appender.file.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.file.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{ISO8601} %p %c: %m%n

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Notice: Here for testing we are hard coding the value for property "log4j.appender.file.triggeringPolicy.MaxFileSize" to something like "10240000" (around 10MB) because triggering policy does not accept values in KB/MB (like 10KB / 10MB) format hence we are putting the values in Bytes. Users can have their own value defined there.

After that once we restart the AMS collector service then we should be able to see the ambari metrics collector log rotation as following:

# cd /var/log/ambari-metrics-collector/
# ls -larth ambari-metrics-collector.lo*
-rw-r--r--. 1 ams hadoop 453K Aug 19 10:16 ambari-metrics-collector.log-4.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 ams hadoop 354K Aug 19 10:17 ambari-metrics-collector.log-3.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 ams hadoop 458K Aug 19 10:20 ambari-metrics-collector.log-2.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 ams hadoop 497K Aug 19 10:22 ambari-metrics-collector.log-1.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 ams hadoop 9.1M Aug 19 10:25 ambari-metrics-collector.log

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‎08-19-2018 10:40 AM
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