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In previous post we have seen how to Automate HDP installation with Namenode HA using Ambari Blueprints. In this post, we will see how to Deploy single node HDP Cluster with Kerberos authentication via Ambari blueprint

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Note - For Ambari 2.6.X onwards, we will have to register VDF to register internal repository, or else Ambari will pick up latest version of HDP and use the public repos. please see below document for more information. For Ambari version less than 2.6.X, this guide will work without any modifications.

Document - https://docs.hortonworks.com/HDPDocuments/Ambari-2.6.0.0/bk_ambari-release-notes/content/ambari_reln...

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Below are simple steps to install HDP single node cluster with Kerberos Authentication(MIT KDC) using internal repository via Ambari Blueprints.

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Step 1: Install Ambari server using steps mentioned under below link

http://docs.hortonworks.com/HDPDocuments/Ambari-2.1.2.1/bk_Installing_HDP_AMB/content/_download_the_...

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Step 2: Register ambari-agent manually

Install ambari-agent package on all the nodes in the cluster and modify hostname to ambari server host(fqdn) in /etc/ambari-agent/conf/ambari-agent.ini

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Step 3: Install and configure MIT KDC

Detailed Steps(Demo on HDP Sandbox 2.4):

3.1 Clone our github repository Ambari server in your HDP Cluster

Note - This script will install and configure KDC on your Ambari Server.

git clone https://github.com/crazyadmins/useful-scripts.git

Sample Output:

[root@sandbox ~]# git clone https://github.com/crazyadmins/useful-scripts.git
Initialized empty Git repository in /root/useful-scripts/.git/
remote: Counting objects: 29, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (25/25), done.
remote: Total 29 (delta 4), reused 25 (delta 3), pack-reused 0
Unpacking objects: 100% (29/29), done.

2. Goto useful-scripts/ambari directory

[root@sandbox ~]# cd useful-scripts/ambari/
[root@sandbox ambari]# ls -lrt
total 16
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 5701 2016-04-23 20:33 setup_kerberos.sh
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 748 2016-04-23 20:33 README
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 366 2016-04-23 20:33 ambari.props
[root@sandbox ambari]#

3. Copy setup_only_kdc.sh and ambari.props to the host where you want to setup KDC Server

4. Edit and modify ambari.props file according to your cluster environment

Note - In case of multinode cluster, Please don't forget to add comma separated list of hosts as a value of KERBEROS_CLIENTS variable(Not applicable for this post).

Sample output for my Sandbox

[root@sandbox ambari]# cat ambari.props
CLUSTER_NAME=Sandbox
AMBARI_ADMIN_USER=admin
AMBARI_ADMIN_PASSWORD=admin
AMBARI_HOST=sandbox.hortonworks.com
KDC_HOST=sandbox.hortonworks.com
REALM=HWX.COM
KERBEROS_CLIENTS=sandbox.hortonworks.com
##### Notes #####
#1. KERBEROS_CLIENTS - Comma separated list of Kerberos clients in case of multinode cluster
#2. Admin princial is admin/admin and password is hadoop
[root@sandbox ambari]#

5. Start installation by simply executing setup_only_kdc.sh

Notes:

1. Please run setup_only_kdc.sh from KDC_HOST only, you don’t need to setup or configure KDC, this script will do everything for you.

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Step 4: Configure blueprints

Please follow below steps to create Blueprints

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4.1 Create hostmapping.json file as shown below:

Note – This file will have information related to all the hosts which are part of your HDP cluster.

{
  "blueprint" : "hdptest",
  "default_password" : "hadoop",
  "host_groups" :[
{
      "name" : "bluetest",
      "hosts" : [
        {
          "fqdn" : "bluetest.openstacklocal"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
    "credentials" : [
     {
       "alias" : "kdc.admin.credential",
       "principal" : "admin/admin",
       "key" : "hadoop",
       "type" : "TEMPORARY"
     }
    ],
    "security" : {
        "type" : "KERBEROS"
   },
   "Clusters" : {"cluster_name":"kerberosCluster"}
}

4.2 Create cluster_configuration.json file, it contents mapping of hosts to HDP components

{
"configurations": [{
"kerberos-env": {
"properties_attributes": {},
"properties": {
"realm": "HWX.COM",
"kdc_type": "mit-kdc",
"kdc_host": "bluetest.openstacklocal",
"admin_server_host": "bluetest.openstacklocal"
}
}
}, {
"krb5-conf": {
"properties_attributes": {},
"properties": {
"domains": "HWX.COM",
"manage_krb5_conf": "true"
}
}
}],
"host_groups": [{
"name": "bluetest",
"components": [{
"name": "NAMENODE"
}, {
"name": "NODEMANAGER"
}, {
"name": "DATANODE"
}, {
"name": "ZOOKEEPER_CLIENT"
}, {
"name": "HDFS_CLIENT"
}, {
"name": "YARN_CLIENT"
}, {
"name": "MAPREDUCE2_CLIENT"
}, {
"name": "ZOOKEEPER_SERVER"
}, {
"name": "SECONDARY_NAMENODE"
}, {
"name": "RESOURCEMANAGER"
}, {
"name": "APP_TIMELINE_SERVER"
}, {
"name": "HISTORYSERVER"
}],
"cardinality": 1
}],
"Blueprints": {
"blueprint_name": "hdptest",
"stack_name": "HDP",
"stack_version": "2.4",
"security": {
"type": "KERBEROS"
}
}
}

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Step 5: Create an internal repository map

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5.1: hdp repository – copy below contents, modify base_url to add hostname/ip-address of your internal repository server and save it in repo.json file.

{
"Repositories" : {
   "base_url" : "http://172.26.64.249/hdp/centos6/HDP-2.4.2.0/",
   "verify_base_url" : true
}
}

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5.2: hdp-utils repository – copy below contents, modify base_url to add hostname/ip-address of your internal repository server and save it in hdputils-repo.json file.

{
"Repositories" : {
   "base_url" : "http://172.26.64.249/hdp/centos6/HDP-UTILS-1.1.0.20/",
   "verify_base_url" : true
}
}

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Step 6: Register blueprint with Ambari server by executing below command

curl -H "X-Requested-By: ambari" -X POST -u admin:admin http://<ambari-server>:8080/api/v1/blueprints/multinode-hdp -d @cluster_config.json

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Step 7: Setup Internal repo via REST API.

Execute below curl calls to setup internal repositories.

curl -H "X-Requested-By: ambari"-X PUT -u admin:admin http://<ambari-server-hostname>:8080/api/v1/stacks/HDP/versions/2.4/operating_systems/redhat6/reposi... -d @repo.json
curl -H "X-Requested-By: ambari"-X PUT -u admin:admin http://<ambari-server-hostname>:8080/api/v1/stacks/HDP/versions/2.4/operating_systems/redhat6/reposi... -d @hdputils-repo.json

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Step 8: Pull the trigger! Below command will start cluster installation.

curl -H "X-Requested-By: ambari" -X POST -u admin:admin http://<ambari-server-hostname>:8080/api/v1/clusters/multinode-hdp -d @hostmap.json

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Please refer Next Part for Automated HDP installation using Ambari blueprint with Kerberos authentication for multi-node cluster.

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Please feel free to comment if you need any further help on this. Happy Hadooping!! :)

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Last update:
‎12-06-2016 07:28 PM
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