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Special shout-out to @zoram, who provided these instructions.  This article will take you through these steps (executing each step with a screenshot).  This article specifies an edge case that involves processing large amounts of non-tabular datasets such as images.  The data lake is the preferred storage for CML as object storage can scale to billions of objects with tabular data.  If you qualify for this edge case (non-tabular datasets), please delete the dataset from EFS/NFS as soon as possible (after processing), since large amounts of data on EFS/NFS negatively affect backup and recovery times.


When it comes to non-tabular data, you may not want to use object storage with standard readers such as Boto3 (for AWS), which has more latency attached to each read.  If we move to a faster I/O such as EFS, which is already used by your CML workspace, we can load data to your existing CML workspace EFS.  It's a simple process that we'll take you through:


Step 1 -  When dealing with a large number of files, switch your CML workspace to provisioned throughput mode from the AWS EFS console.  Increase this to what you're willing to pay for (I/O) and keep it provisioned throughput until you're done processing the files in EFS.


Step 2 - Login to the CML UI, and launch a session in the project.  The project you'd like to process files within your workspace's EFS.  



Step 3 - Within your session, launch the "Terminal Access"



Step 4 - Within your Terminal Session, run the following command and write down the output, as you'll need the output later.  You can stop your session (it's only for this step).


df -h | grep home







Step 5 - Using kubectl, you'll determine which node is running ds-vfs.  In order to access kubectl on your laptop, you'll need to download the Kubeconfig for the workspace you're accessing.  


Run the following command:


kubectl get pods -n mlx -o wide | grep ds-vfs






(In case you need to download the Kubeconfig on the workspace):



Step 6 - In case you do not have a security policy in place to access SSH on the node you found in step 3, you'll want to add a security policy (to SSH into the node).  After you're done with these steps, feel free to remove this security policy (to SSH into the ds-vfs node.  


Step 7 - SSH into the node from steps 3 & 4


Step 8 - Determine the EFS mount point, and then sudo su (so you're root moving forward)


cat /proc/mounts | grep projects-share | grep -v grafana
sudo su






My output: /var/lib/kubelet/pods/eb4b15b6-631a-428b-92df-e0d31074e7f9/volumes/ nfs4 rw,relatime,vers=4.1,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,namlen=255,hard,noresvport,proto=tcp,port=20081,timeo=600,retrans=2,sec=sys,clientaddr=,local_lock=none,addr= 0 0 /var/lib/kubelet/pods/d3c5b66c-c84a-40cc-bed9-79fb95f3a7ad/volumes/ nfs4 rw,relatime,vers=4.1,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,namlen=255,hard,noresvport,proto=tcp,port=20246,timeo=600,retrans=2,sec=sys,clientaddr=,local_lock=none,addr= 0 0 /var/lib/kubelet/pods/1ff3a121-e7fb-4475-974f-92446f65a773/volumes/ nfs4 rw,relatime,vers=4.1,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,namlen=255,hard,noresvport,proto=tcp,port=20316,timeo=600,retrans=2,sec=sys,clientaddr=,local_lock=none,addr= 0 0 /var/lib/kubelet/pods/96980148-9630-4f5e-90b6-05970eacdf1f/volumes/ nfs4 rw,relatime,vers=4.1,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,namlen=255,hard,noresvport,proto=tcp,port=20439,timeo=600,retrans=2,sec=sys,clientaddr=,local_lock=none,addr= 0 0







Step 9 - Go to the projects file system in my case (you'll pull the last piece from your output in step 3)


cd /var/lib/kubelet/pods/eb4b15b6-631a-428b-92df-e0d31074e7f9/volumes/






Step 10 - Create a new folder that you'll use to load your files 


mkdir images




Step 11 - Validate the directory permissions are set correctly.  Files and directories must be owned by 8536:8536


ls -l | grep images





drwxr-sr-x 2 8536 8536   6144 Mar 13 21:01 images



IMPORTANT: If you're loading MANY files - it's beyond important to add this new directory to the gitignore - so these files don't get committed to GIT!


Step 12 - Copy your files into the new directory from step 7, from S3.  You'll likely want to figure out S3 authn/authz for the copy.  It would be a best practice to script this copy and run it with nohup as a background command.  That way the copy doesn't get terminated if the SSH session times out.  


Step 13 - Your files are now available in the new directory.  

IMPORTANT: It's general best practice to not load all your files in one directory.  Instead, create multiple subdirectories and load say 10k files per subdirectory.  Within your code (say Python), you can iterate subdirectories and process the files.  This way, you aren't overwhelming your code - loading all files at once!


Warning: Do the cost estimate on using EFS vs S3 - before going into sticker shock on using higher-cost storage within AWS.  Again - after you're done processing your data within EFS/NFS, please remember to delete this data since large amounts of data on EFS/NFS negatively affect backup and recovery times.