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How to use merge in sqoop import

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Thanks Neeraj

@Mahesh Deshmukh The 2nd link has step by step demo.

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@Mahesh Deshmukh

The Sqoop merge tool allows you to combine two datasets where entries in one dataset should overwrite entries of an older dataset.

For example, an incremental import run in last-modified mode will generate multiple datasets in HDFS where successively newer data appears in each dataset.

The merge tool will "flatten" two datasets into one, taking the newest available records for each primary key.

# Lets Create a TEST Database in MySQL

create database test;

use test;

# Lets Create an Employee Table

create table emp(empid int not null primary key, empname VARCHAR(20), age int, salary int, city VARCHAR(20),cr_date date);

##Describe table;

mysql> describe emp;


| Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |


| empid | int(11) | NO | PRI | NULL | |

| empname | varchar(20) | YES | | NULL | |

| age | int(11) | YES | | NULL | |

| salary | int(11) | YES | | NULL | |

| city | varchar(20) | YES | | NULL | |

| cr_date | date | YES | | NULL | |


##Load the Employee table

LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE '/Users/gangadharkadam/Downloads/empdata.csv'






(empid, empname, age, salary, city, @var1)


cr_date = STR_TO_DATE(@var1, '%m/%d/%Y');

# import the the emp table to hdfs using below command

sqoop import --connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/TEST --table emp --username hive -password hive --target-dir /sqoop/empdata/

# Update the few records in the TEST.emp table as below;

update emp set cr_date='2016-02-28' where empname like "A%";

# Now Merge these updated record with the HDFS file using --merge-key option

#merge tool will "flatten" two datasets into one

sqoop import --connect jdbc:mysql://localhost/test --table emp \

--username hive -password hive --incremental lastmodified --merge-key empid --check-column cr_date \

--target-dir /sqoop/empdata/

Below are some of the updated record with the

750,Anne Ward,57,99496,La Sierpe,2016-02-28

38,Anne Morrison,36,53358,San Pedro Carchá,2016-02-28

718,Adam Ford,56,98340,Arthur’s Town,2016-02-28

Hi @Mahesh Deshmukh, check here for one more example of incremental import with merge, including command line output. Note that the column in your DB table you use as "--merge-key" has to be unique. During incrementa import with merge, Sqoop will run 2 MR jobs: The first one is the standard Sqoop Map-only job to import new (updated) records, the second one is the merge MR job. During the merge MR, Sqoop will look for records with the same "merge-key" like the following ones:

150 mary Feb-10  ... already in HDFS
150 john Feb-21  ... newly imported using incremental import

and will set this record to the newer one of Feb-21 (assuming the first column is your "merge-key" and the 3rd column is your "check-column").

New Contributor

@Neeraj Sabharwal,

What if the Source table inside RDBMS has composite primary key columns ? Does SQOOP -- Merge-Key command support to mention the composite PK column/s ?



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