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Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

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Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Explorer

Is it possible to add a second user on hadoop cluster like the spark user?

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Mentor

@asmarz 

On the edgenode

Just to validate your situation I have spun up single node cluster Tokyo IP 192.168.0.67 and installed an edge node Busia IP 192.168.0.66 I will demonstrate the spark client setup on the edge node and evoke the spark-shell

First I have to configure the passwordless ssh below my edge node

 

Passwordless setup
[root@busia ~]# mkdir .ssh
[root@busia ~]# chmod 600 .ssh/
[root@busia ~]# cd .ssh
[root@busia .ssh]# ll
total 0

 

Networking not setup

The master is unreachable from the edge node

[root@busia .ssh]# ping 198.168.0.67
PING 198.168.0.67 (198.168.0.67) 56(84) bytes of data.
From 198.168.0.67 icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
From 198.168.0.67 icmp_seq=3 Destination Host Unreachable

 

001.png

On the master

The master has a single node HDP 3.1.0 cluster, I will deploy the clients to the edge node from here

[root@tokyo ~]# cd .ssh/
[root@tokyo .ssh]# ll
total 16
-rw------- 1 root root 396 Jan 4 2019 authorized_keys
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 Jan 4 2019 id_rsa
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 396 Jan 4 2019 id_rsa.pub
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 185 Jan 4 2019 known_hosts

 

Networking not setup

The edge node is still unreachable from the master Tokyo

 

[root@tokyo .ssh]# ping 198.168.0.66
PING 198.168.0.66 (198.168.0.66) 56(84) bytes of data.
From 198.168.0.66 icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
From 198.168.0.66 icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable

 

Copied the id-ira.pub key to the edgenode

[root@tokyo ~]# cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh root@192.168.0.215 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'
The authenticity of host '192.168.0.215 (192.168.0.215)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:ZhnKxkn+R3qvc+aF+Xl5S4Yp45B60mPIaPpu4f65bAM.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:73:b3:5a:b4:e7:06:eb:50:6b:8a:1f:0f:d1:07:55:cf.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.0.215' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@192.168.0.215's password:

 

Validation the passwordless ssh works

[root@tokyo ~]# ssh root@192.168.0.215
Last login: Fri Jan 10 22:36:01 2020 from 192.168.0.178
[root@busia ~]# hostname -f
busia.xxxxxx.xxx

002.PNG

xxxxxx

003.PNG
Single node Cluster 

[root@tokyo ~]# useradd asmarz
[root@tokyo ~]# su - asmarz

 

On the master as user asmarz  I can access the spark-shell and execute any spark code

 

Add the edge node to the cluster

006.PNG

 

Install the clients on the edge node

007.PNG

 

On the master as user asmarz  I have access to the spark-shell

009.PNG

Installed Client components on the edge-node can be seen in the CLI

 

008.PNG

 

I chose to install all the clients  on the edge node just to demo as I have already install the hive client on the edge node  without any special setup I can now launch the hive HQL  on the master Tokyo from the edge node

010.PNG

 After installing the spark client on the edge node I can now also launch the spark-shell  from the edge node and run any spark code, so this demonstrates that you can create any user on the edge node and he /she can rive Hive  HQLSPARK SQL  or PIG script. You will notice I didn't update the  HDFS , YARN, MAPRED,HIVE  configurations it was automatically done by Ambari during the installation it copied over to the edge node the correct conf files !!

The asmarz user from the edge node can also acess HDFS

 

011.PNG

Now as user asmarz  I have launched a spark-submit job  from the edge node 

013.PNG

The launch is successful on the master Tokyo  see Resource Manager URL, that can be confirmed  in the RM UI
012.PNG


This walkthrough validates that any user on the edge node can launch a job in the cluster this poses a security problem in production hence my earlier hint of Kerberos.
Having said that  you will realize I didn't  do any special configuration  after the client installation because Ambari distributes the correct configuration of all the component  and it does that for every installation of a new component that's the reason  Ambari is a management tool

If this walkthrough answers your question, please do accept the answer and close the thread.

Happy hadooping 

7 REPLIES 7

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Mentor

@asmarz 

 

Your question is ambiguous can you elaborate? It's possible to add users to a cluster with all the necessary privileges to execute ie spark, hive in a kerberized cluster you can merge the different keytabs i.e hive, spark,oozie etc or control through Ranger.
But if you can elaborate on your use-case then we can try to find a technical solution.

 

 

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Explorer

Thank you for your reply

 

I will explain my actual situation.

I have installed Hadoop Cluster using ambari HortonWorks.

One of nodes is an Edge node, I defined it as a spark master and I could then run spark-sumbit from this linux server (edge node) with spark user (spark) on 4 workers ( datanodes)

 

My question now, I will have developers and end users who should execute scripts from their local machine on the edge node. These users should not access directly the linux server (Edge node)  but they will have to launch scripts (spark-sumbit). How can I create accounts for them? How could they access the edge node ?

Thanks

Asma

Highlighted

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Mentor

@asmarz 

 

Now I have a better understanding of your deployment, I think that is a wrong technical approach. Having an edge node it a great idea in that you can create and control access to the cluster from the edge node, and usually, you have only Client software ONLY YARN, HDFS , OOZIE, ZOOKEEPER, SPARK, SQOOP.PIG client etc but not a Master node.

 

Edge nodes run within the cluster allow for centralized management of all the Hadoop configuration entries on the cluster nodes which helps to reduce the amount of administration needed to update the config. When you configure a Linux box as an edge node during the deployment ambari configures update the conf files with the correct values so that all commands against the Cluster can be run from the edge node.


For security and good practice, edge nodes need to be multi-homed into the private subnet of the Hadoop cluster as well as into the corporate network. Keeping your Hadoop cluster in its own private subnet is an excellent practice, so these edge nodes serve as a controlled window inside the cluster.

 

In a nutshell, you don't need a Master process the edge node but Client to initiate communication with the Cluster

 

Hope that helps

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Explorer

In a nutshell, you don't need a Master process the edge node but Client to initiate communication with the Cluster

 

=> Actually this is my question Which client? Should I create a local user like spark and then ask the end users to use it in order to launch this command for example from their machines??

 

spark-sumbit  --master spark://edgenode:7077  calculPi.jar?

 

All that I need for now that the end  users could execute their scripts spark or Python ... from their side, how could we do this? do they need to access the edge server?

 

Thanks

Asma

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Mentor

@asmarz 

HDP Client means a set of binaries and libraries to run commands and develop software for a particular Hadoop service. So, if you install Hive client you can run beeline, if you install HBase client you can run an HBase shell and if you install Spark Client your can run spark-shell etc.

 

But I would advise you install at least these clients so on edge node

  • zookeeper-client
  • sqoop-client
  • spark2-client
  • slider-client
  • spark-client
  • oozie-client
  • hbase-client

The local users created on the edge node can execute the spark-shell to run the spark submit , but the only difference is if you have a kerberized  cluster you will have to generate keytabs and copy them over to the edge node for every user 

Hope that answers your question

 

 

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Explorer

Thank you again!!

 

1) I have installed these client on my edge node

 

2) For instance, we decide that the cluster is not configured with kerberos

 

3) Actually, I want that end users could submit spark-shell

 

4) For this , I created a local user called "sparkuser" on the edge node

 

5) with which tool could client use the spark-shell? API? application? All I want that users can use the sparkuser that I have created on edge nôde to submit their scripts but I don't not want that these users access the edge node server directly (like remotelx or via an API? or else? I hope that I explained more

 

Many thanks for your help and patience

Asma

 

Re: Adding a second user on hadoop cluster

Mentor

@asmarz 

On the edgenode

Just to validate your situation I have spun up single node cluster Tokyo IP 192.168.0.67 and installed an edge node Busia IP 192.168.0.66 I will demonstrate the spark client setup on the edge node and evoke the spark-shell

First I have to configure the passwordless ssh below my edge node

 

Passwordless setup
[root@busia ~]# mkdir .ssh
[root@busia ~]# chmod 600 .ssh/
[root@busia ~]# cd .ssh
[root@busia .ssh]# ll
total 0

 

Networking not setup

The master is unreachable from the edge node

[root@busia .ssh]# ping 198.168.0.67
PING 198.168.0.67 (198.168.0.67) 56(84) bytes of data.
From 198.168.0.67 icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
From 198.168.0.67 icmp_seq=3 Destination Host Unreachable

 

001.png

On the master

The master has a single node HDP 3.1.0 cluster, I will deploy the clients to the edge node from here

[root@tokyo ~]# cd .ssh/
[root@tokyo .ssh]# ll
total 16
-rw------- 1 root root 396 Jan 4 2019 authorized_keys
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 Jan 4 2019 id_rsa
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 396 Jan 4 2019 id_rsa.pub
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 185 Jan 4 2019 known_hosts

 

Networking not setup

The edge node is still unreachable from the master Tokyo

 

[root@tokyo .ssh]# ping 198.168.0.66
PING 198.168.0.66 (198.168.0.66) 56(84) bytes of data.
From 198.168.0.66 icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
From 198.168.0.66 icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable

 

Copied the id-ira.pub key to the edgenode

[root@tokyo ~]# cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh root@192.168.0.215 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'
The authenticity of host '192.168.0.215 (192.168.0.215)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:ZhnKxkn+R3qvc+aF+Xl5S4Yp45B60mPIaPpu4f65bAM.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:73:b3:5a:b4:e7:06:eb:50:6b:8a:1f:0f:d1:07:55:cf.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.0.215' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@192.168.0.215's password:

 

Validation the passwordless ssh works

[root@tokyo ~]# ssh root@192.168.0.215
Last login: Fri Jan 10 22:36:01 2020 from 192.168.0.178
[root@busia ~]# hostname -f
busia.xxxxxx.xxx

002.PNG

xxxxxx

003.PNG
Single node Cluster 

[root@tokyo ~]# useradd asmarz
[root@tokyo ~]# su - asmarz

 

On the master as user asmarz  I can access the spark-shell and execute any spark code

 

Add the edge node to the cluster

006.PNG

 

Install the clients on the edge node

007.PNG

 

On the master as user asmarz  I have access to the spark-shell

009.PNG

Installed Client components on the edge-node can be seen in the CLI

 

008.PNG

 

I chose to install all the clients  on the edge node just to demo as I have already install the hive client on the edge node  without any special setup I can now launch the hive HQL  on the master Tokyo from the edge node

010.PNG

 After installing the spark client on the edge node I can now also launch the spark-shell  from the edge node and run any spark code, so this demonstrates that you can create any user on the edge node and he /she can rive Hive  HQLSPARK SQL  or PIG script. You will notice I didn't update the  HDFS , YARN, MAPRED,HIVE  configurations it was automatically done by Ambari during the installation it copied over to the edge node the correct conf files !!

The asmarz user from the edge node can also acess HDFS

 

011.PNG

Now as user asmarz  I have launched a spark-submit job  from the edge node 

013.PNG

The launch is successful on the master Tokyo  see Resource Manager URL, that can be confirmed  in the RM UI
012.PNG


This walkthrough validates that any user on the edge node can launch a job in the cluster this poses a security problem in production hence my earlier hint of Kerberos.
Having said that  you will realize I didn't  do any special configuration  after the client installation because Ambari distributes the correct configuration of all the component  and it does that for every installation of a new component that's the reason  Ambari is a management tool

If this walkthrough answers your question, please do accept the answer and close the thread.

Happy hadooping 

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