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If you are using Docker on CentOS 7, you may have run into issues importing the Docker version of the Hortonworks Sandbox for HDP 2.5. The default configuration of Docker on CentOS 7 limits your Docker virtual machine image to 10GB in size. The Docker HDP sandbox is 13GB in size. This will cause the loading process of the sandbox to fail.

This tutorial will guide you through the process of installing Docker on CentOS 7 using Vagrant and modifying the configuration of Docker to move the location of and increase the size of Docker virtual machine image.

While we are using Vagrant + Virtualbox, this process should work for any install of CentOS (Amazon, etc) with small changes because VirtualBox and related plugins are not needed.

Prerequisites

  • You should already have downloaded the Docker HDP 2.5 Sandbox. Read more here: Docker HDP Sandbox
  • You should already have installed VirtualBox 5.1.x. Read more here: VirtualBox
  • You should already have installed Vagrant 1.8.6. Read more here: Vagrant
  • You should already have installed the vagrant-vbguest plugin. This plugin will keep the VirtualBox Guest Additions software current as you upgrade your kernel and/or VirtualBox versions. Read more here: vagrant-vbguest
  • You should already have installed the vagrant-hostmanager plugin. This plugin will automatically manage the /etc/hosts file on your local mac and in your virtual machines. Read more here: vagrant-hostmanager

Scope

  • Mac OS X 10.11.6 (El Capitan)
  • VirtualBox 5.1.6
  • Vagrant 1.8.6
  • vagrant-vbguest plugin 0.13.0
  • vagrant-hostnamanger plugin 1.8.5

Steps

Create Vagrant project directory

Before we get started, determine where you want to keep your Vagrant project files. Each Vagrant project should have its own directory. I keep my Vagrant projects in my ~/Development/Vagrant directory. You should also use a helpful name for each Vagrant project directory you create.

cd ~/Development/Vagrant
mkdir centos7-docker
cd centos7-docker

We will be using a CentOS 7.2 Vagrant box, so I include centos7 in the Vagrant project name to differentiate it from a Centos 6 project. The project is for Docker, so I include that in the name. Thus we have a project directory name of centos7-docker.

Create Vagrant project files

Create Vagrantfile

The Vagrantfile tells Vagrant how to configure your virtual machines. Here is my Vagrantfile:

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# Using yaml to load external configuration files
require 'yaml'

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  # Using the hostmanager vagrant plugin to update the host files
  config.hostmanager.enabled = true
  config.hostmanager.manage_host = true
  config.hostmanager.manage_guest = true
  config.hostmanager.ignore_private_ip = false

  # Loading in the list of commands that should be run when the VM is provisioned.
  commands = YAML.load_file('commands.yaml')
  commands.each do |command|
    config.vm.provision :shell, inline: command
  end

  # Loading in the VM configuration information
  servers = YAML.load_file('servers.yaml')

  servers.each do |servers| 
    config.vm.define servers["name"] do |srv|
      srv.vm.box = servers["box"] # Speciy the name of the Vagrant box file to use
      srv.vm.hostname = servers["name"] # Set the hostname of the VM
      srv.vm.network "private_network", ip: servers["ip"], :adapater=>2 # Add a second adapater with a specified IP
      srv.vm.network :forwarded_port, guest: 22, host: servers["port"] # Add a port forwarding rule
      srv.vm.provision :shell, inline: "sed -i'' '/^127.0.0.1\\t#{srv.vm.hostname}\\t#{srv.vm.hostname}$/d' /etc/hosts"

      srv.vm.provider :virtualbox do |vb|
        vb.name = servers["name"] # Name of the VM in VirtualBox
        vb.cpus = servers["cpus"] # How many CPUs to allocate to the VM
        vb.memory = servers["ram"] # How much memory to allocate to the VM
        vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpuexecutioncap", "75"]  # Limit to VM to 75% of available CPU
      end
    end
  end
end

Create a servers.yaml file

The servers.yaml file contains the configuration information for our VMs. Here is the content from my file:

---
- name: docker
  box: bento/centos-7.2
  cpus: 6
  ram: 12288
  ip: 192.168.56.100
  port: 10022

NOTE: My configuration uses 6 CPUs and 12GB of memory for VirtualBox. Make sure you have enough resources to use this configuration. For the purposes of the this demo, you can lower this to a 2CPU and 4GB of memory.

Create commands.yaml file

The commands.yaml file contains the list of commands that should be run on each VM when they are first provisioned. This allows us to automate configuration tasks that would other wise be tedious and/or repetitive. Here is the content from my file:

- "sudo yum -y install net-tools ntp wget"
- "sudo systemctl enable ntpd && sudo systemctl start ntpd"
- "sudo systemctl disable firewalld && sudo systemctl stop firewalld"
- "sudo sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/^SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/sysconfig/selinux"

Start Virtual Machine

Once you have created the 3 files in your Vagrant project directory, you are ready to start your virtual machine. Creating the vm for the first time and starting it every time after that uses the same command:

vagrant up

NOTE: During the startup process, the vagrant-hostmanager will prompt you for a password. This is the sudo password for your local machine. It needs to use sudo to update the /etc/hosts file.

Once the process is complete you should have 1 server running. You can verify by looking at the VirtualBox user interface; you should have a virtual machine called docker running.

Connect to virtual machine

You are able to login to the virtual machine via ssh using the vagrant ssh command.

vagrant ssh

Install Docker in Vagrant virtual machine

Now that you are connected to the virtual machine, it's time to install Docker. First we'll create the docker.repo file:

sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/docker.repo <<-'EOF'
[dockerrepo]
name=Docker Repository
baseurl=https://yum.dockerproject.org/repo/main/centos/7/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://yum.dockerproject.org/gpg
EOF

Now we can install Docker:

sudo yum install docker-engine

Now we need to enable the Docker service:

sudo systemctl enable docker.service

Now we can start the Docker service:

sudo systemctl start docker

Load Docker HDP sandbox

We will attempt to load the HDP sandbox into Docker using the default Docker settings. This process will fail after the image has loaded approximately 10GB of data. First, make sure a copy of the Docker HDP sandbox file HDP_2.5_docker.tar.gz is located in your project directory. This will allow you to access the file via the /vagrant/ directory within your virtual machine. I'm doing this on a Mac and my file was downloaded in ~/Downloads. This command is run on your local computer:

cp ~/Downloads/HDP_2.5_docker.tar.gz ~/Development/Vagrant/centos7-docker/

Now we can try loading the sandbox image on the VM. You need to use sudo to interact with Docker. You should see something similar to the following:

sudo docker load < /vagrant/HDP_2.5_docker.tar.gz
b1b065555b8a: Loading layer [==================================================>] 202.2 MB/202.2 MB
0b547722f59f: Loading layer [=====================================>             ] 10.36 GB/13.84 GB
ApplyLayer exit status 1 stdout:  stderr: write /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.101-3.b13.el6_8.x86_64/jre/lib/rt.jar: no space left on device

As you can see above, the load command failed and it did so a little more than 10GB into the process. That is because the Docker virtual machine image defaults to 10GB in size.

We can check to see where our Docker Root is located:

sudo docker info | grep "Docker Root"
WARNING: bridge-nf-call-iptables is disabled
WARNING: bridge-nf-call-ip6tables is disabled
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker

We can see from above the default is /var/lib/docker.

Change Docker configuration

CentOS 7 uses systemd to manage services. You can read more about it here systemd. The older methods of modifying Docker configuration using /etc/sysconfig based configuration files should be avoided. While you can get everything working using this approach, it's better to use the appropriate systemd methods.

Some people have modified the /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/docker.service file to make changes to the Docker configuration. This file can be overwritten during software updates, so it is best to not modify this file. Instead you should use /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/docker.conf.

We need to create an /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d directory. This is where our docker.conf configuration file will be located.

sudo mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d

Now we can edit our docker.conf file:

sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/docker.service.d/docker.conf

You should add the following configuration to the file:

[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd --graph="/mnt/docker-data" --storage-driver=overlay --storage-opt=dm.basesize=30G

The blank ExecStart= entry is not a typo. It is required to wipe the default configuration from memory. The --graph parameter specifies the location where the Docker image file should be located. Make sure this location has sufficient room for your expected data size. The --storage-driver parameter specifies the storage driver for Docker. The default is devicemapper which is limited to 10GB. Set it to overlay to allow for larger file sizes. You can read more about the storage drivers here docker storage drivers. The --storage-opt parameter allows us to change the base image size of the virtual machine. In this example I've set my base image size to 30GB. You may want to use a larger size.

Restart Docker

Now that we've updated our configuration, we need to restart the Docker daemon.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl restart docker

We can now check to see where our Docker Root is. You should see something similar to this:

sudo docker info | grep "Docker Root"
WARNING: bridge-nf-call-iptables is disabled
WARNING: bridge-nf-call-ip6tables is disabled
Docker Root Dir: /mnt/docker-data

As you can see, our Docker Root has moved to /mnt/docker-data which is the location we specified with the --graph parameter in our docker.conf file.

Load Docker HDP sandbox

Now that we have updated our Docker configuration and restarted the daemon, we should be able to load our HDP sandbox again. Let's run the load command to see if it completed. You should see something similar to this:

sudo docker load < /vagrant/HDP_2.5_docker.tar.gz
b1b065555b8a: Loading layer [==================================================>] 202.2 MB/202.2 MB
0b547722f59f: Loading layer [==================================================>] 13.84 GB/13.84 GB
99d7327952e0: Loading layer [==================================================>] 234.8 MB/234.8 MB
294b1c0e07bd: Loading layer [==================================================>] 207.5 MB/207.5 MB
fd5c10f2f1a1: Loading layer [==================================================>] 387.6 kB/387.6 kB
6852ef70321d: Loading layer [==================================================>]   163 MB/163 MB
517f170bbf7f: Loading layer [==================================================>] 20.98 MB/20.98 MB
665edb80fc91: Loading layer [==================================================>] 337.4 kB/337.4 kB
Loaded image: sandbox:latest

As you can see, the load command was successful.

Review

If you successfully followed along with this tutorial, we were able setup a CentOS 7 virtual machine using Vagrant. We updated the Docker configuration to use a different location for the virtual machine image and changed the base size of that image. Once these changes were complete, we were able to successfully load the HDP sandbox image.

You can read more about how to install Docker on CentOS 7 here https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/linux/centos/ and configure it here https://docs.docker.com/engine/admin/

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‎11-10-2016 02:35 AM
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